- Category: Conservation and regeneration
- Last Updated: 27 April 2015
Ryedale District Council is committed to ensuring the preservation of Listed Buildings and the designation of Conservation Areas.
The information below sets out to advise you about listed buildings. It describes how and why buildings are listed, how this may affect you as an owner or occupier, and where to get further information and help.
- What is a Listed Building?
- Why is a Building Listed?
- How to find out if a Building is Listed
- What is the Effect of Listing?
- How do I Apply for Listed Building Consent?
- Grants Available for Historic Buildings
What is a Listed Building?
A listed building is one that is included in the 'List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest' compiled by the Secretary of State for the Department of Culture, Media and Sport. Ryedale District Council has a copy of the list for its area that any member of the public is welcome to inspect.
Why is a Building Listed?
There are a number of reasons why a building may be listed:
Architectural Interest - including buildings that are a good example of a particular style or type as well as ones that display important examples of decoration or craftsmanship.
Historic Interest - including buildings that display important aspects of the social, economic, cultural or military history of the nation.
Technological Innovation - for instance, cast iron prefabrication or the early use of concrete.
Close Historical Associations - buildings that are associated with a particular event or person.
Group Value - buildings that, together, form an important historic or architectural unity such as a crescent or terrace.
Age and rarity are other important considerations. The older a building is, and the fewer the surviving examples, the more likely the building is to be listed. Generally speaking, the following apply:
All buildings built before 1700, and which are surviving in anything like their original condition, will be listed.
Most Buildings built between 1700 and 1840 - some selection is necessary although many will be listed.
Between 1840 and 1914 an even greater selection is necessary since so many more examples have survived, with even fewer buildings built after 1914 being listed, and very few buildings less than 30 years old will be listed.
Between 1914 and 1939 selected buildings of high quality or historic interest.
A few outstanding buildings after 1939.
There are C.1600 listed buildings in Ryedale outside the North York Moors National Park. These are these are placed into one of three grades to give an indication of their relative importance:
Grade I These are building of exceptional interest (only about 2% of listed buildings are of this grade).
Grade II* These are particularly important buildings of more than special interest (some 4% of listed buildings).
Grade II These are buildings of special interest, which warrant every effort made to preserve them.
How to find out if a Building is Listed
Ryedale District Council has a copy of the list for its area that any member of the public is welcome to inspect. In order to establish whether a building is listed, Ryedale District Council will require a building address and the Parish in which the building is situated. There is a small fee of £4.80 for a copy of a list description to be faxed or posted.
The description provides the "grade" of the listing, as well as a brief description of the exterior (or interior where applicable) features, which led to the listing. The list description is intended mainly for identification purposes. It does not provide a comprehensive or exclusive record of all the features of importance. In addition, any object or structure fixed to the building or within the curtilage of the building is protected under the listing.
What is the Effect of Listing?
Once listed, a building has special protection under the Planning (Listed Building and Conservation Areas) Act 1990. This protection extends to both the exterior and the interior. There is no such thing as a listed façade. If you want to do anything that alters the architectural or historic character of the listed building you will need to apply for listed building consent. Even seemingly insignificant works such as changing a window, or painting the building can affect its character and it is advisable to contact the Building Conservation Officer before you begin any work. If you want to demolish a listed building, or any part of it, you will also need listed building consent. Again, even seemingly minor work such as removing a chimney stack or a fixture is constructed as demolition and will need consent.
How do I Apply for Listed Building Consent?
You must submit an application to the Council. Listed Building Application forms are available by telephoning Ryedale District Council or by downloading the available PDF forms. The whole process takes about 8 weeks (this could be longer in the case of Grade I and II* buildings or where a proposal is particularly controversial) so it is a good idea to apply long before you want to do any works. The submission of clear and accurate information will help the Council process applications quickly and efficiently.
It may also be necessary to apply (on a separate form) for Planning Permission. Please contact a Development Control Officer in the Development Management Unit at Ryedale District Council for more advice.
For Ryedale District Council Local Plans Policies that relate to the historic environment see Chapter 9 of the Ryedale Local Plan.