- Category: Rubbish and recycling
- Last Updated: 17 October 2016
- Do I use my existing containers for my plastics and cardboard?
- What materials go in each container?
- What happens to all the recyclable materials that we collect?
- Top Tips for Plastic Bottle Recycling in Ryedale
- Why do we need to recycle?
- Hints and tips
- Recycling electricals and batteries
All domestic properties in Ryedale's towns and villages receive kerbside recycling collections of;
- Plastic bottles and cans
- Paper and cardboard
- From June 2014 collection of garden waste is an opt-in chargeable service
It is important to put your recyclables in the correct container as the specially built recycling vehicles will only be able to accept them like this.
|green box for plastic bottles and cans.|
|black box for glass.|
blue bag for paper and cardboard.
If you prefer, you may continue to use your Blue Box to recycle your paper and cardboard together, instead of using the new larger bag. However, please note that only one container will be collected, not both. This is due to operational requirements and to minimise containers on footways, which may become very cluttered for pedestrians on collection days.
|brown bin for garden waste only|
If you have any questions about your recycling service and these changes, please email Streetscene or telephone 01653 600666.
The information below is available as a Factsheet to download.
|Glass goes to Ardagh Glass in Barnsley, South Yorkshire or Berrymans in South Kirkby W. Yorkshire. On arrival, if colours have not already been separated, it is optically sorted by high-tech machinery. Crushed glass (cullet) is melted down in furnaces and reformed to make new bottles and jars.|
|Paper is taken to Palm's paper mill in King's Lynn, Norfolk. Paper is mixed with water, de-inked and pulped. It is then reformed to make new newsprint. The process is now highly automated, but similar to that of 2,000 years ago, where fibres soaked in water are drained on a fine wire screen and dried under pressure and heat.|
|Cardboard is taken to D S Smith Plc, who operate a network of regional collection depots across the UK and have four mills: Kemsley (Sittingbourne, Kent); Hollins (Darwen, Lancs); Wansbrough (Watchet, Somerset); Higher Kings (Cullumpton, Devon). Cardboard is pulped and made into new corrugated board, or flat card, for new packaging.|
|Cans are magnetically sorted to separate aluminium from steel. Aluminium cans are baled and sent to Novelis in Warrington, Cheshire, melted down and made into new cans. Steel cans are baled and sent to SIMS Metal Management, the world's largest metals recycler, melted down and made into new steel, for use in new cans, cars, white goods, building construction etc.|
|Plastic bottles are separated into their different polymer types, using near infra-red technology. Polymer types are PET(E) (Polyethylene Terepthalate) and HDPE (High Density Polyethylene). Bottles are granulated, heated, then re–extruded with other virgin polymer (of the same chemical type) to make new plastic products.|
|Aluminium foil is collected by the Council and various local charities. Foil goes into a furnace where it is melted down and the liquid metal poured into a mould, producing an ingot. When cold, the ingots are sent to foundries where they are melted again, and cast into products such as car engine blocks and cylinder heads.|
|Garden waste is taken to local farms where it is sorted for contamination, shredded and composted. It is mixed with other organic material and re-used on the farm.|
|Textiles are collected by the Salvation Army. Good quality clothing is resold in charity shops, with a proportion going to developing countries. Garments which are past their wearable life are shredded and made into flock, for use in furniture upholstering, mattress filling, carpet underlay etc. There are companies in West Yorkshire who are engaged in this process. 95% of donated clothing can be re-used somewhere, somehow, by someone.|
What types of plastic can I recycle?
The Council only collects plastic bottles (not mixed plastics) for recycling. Plastic bottle tops can also be included for recycling. If it is a plastic bottle from the kitchen, utility or bathroom, we can recycle it!
Why can I only recycle plastic bottles?
There is a good market for used plastic bottles but a less developed market for mixed plastics in the UK. Most local authorities collect plastic bottles for recycling, but far fewer collect mixed rigid plastics. In future it may be possible to recycle mixed plastics when the industry gears up with additional capacity
What can I do with my plastic if it is not a bottle?
If you have plastics (other than bottles) that you want to recycle, a container (skip) at Thornton le Dale Household Waste Recycling Centre is available. This is the only facility for mixed plastics in Ryedale District. The Council realises that residents would like to recycle other products on kerbside collections but for the time being only plastic bottles will be accepted.
What are there different types of plastic in my bin?
Recycling plastic is not straightforward as different polymer types are used to make various products. Most plastic bottles are either Polyethylene Terepthalate (PET) or High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), so sorting is easy using near infra-red technology. Sorting of mixed plastics becomes more problematic as other polymers such as Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) Polypropylene (PP) and Polystyrene (PS) are in the mix.
Recognising plastics by the polymer type, or number stamped on the side can be frustrating. Products sometimes have numbers as well as initials stamped on them: 1. PET; 2 HDPE, 3 PVC; 4 LDPE; 5 PP; 6 PS; 7 Other. This is confusing for most people, so the message is simple – only include plastic bottles for recycling.
Plastics other than bottles should not be included for recycling in Ryedale, as there is a chance that industry will reject consignments if the polymer mix is in question. This would cause a loss of revenue to the Council.
If you would like to know more about characteristics of different polymers and their use in household products please email Streetscene.
Before recycling became popular in the 1990's, most of Ryedale's rubbish was sent to a landfill site (formerly a large stone quarry) in Thornton le Dale. This site lasted about 25 years and was closed in 2009.
Another site is now being used but, like all landfills it will fill up quickly, so there is a real need to reduce our waste, as well as to recycle more of it.
As well as being unsightly, messy and smelly, landfill sites emit methane (a potent greenhouse gas) and produce leachate (a liquid which gathers at the bottom of the landfill). Both of these are problematic and expensive to manage and treat.
There will always be a need for some landfill capacity but the less reliant we are on this form of disposal, the more sustainable we will be in managing our waste.
The Recycle Now website is an excellent resource for news, information, hints and tips to help you recycle. There are sections for recycling in the garden, at work and at school. Visit the Recycle Now website for more information.
To dispose of any excess or bulkier waste there are a number of Household Waste Recycling Centres (skip sites) in Ryedale, managed by North Yorkshire County Council. Please see North Yorkshire County Council's website for more information.
Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
Tips to help you reduce the amount of waste you produce.
- Buy in bulk - reduce packaging by buying larger containers, concentrates and refills. This will also help you to save money!
- Buy loose fruit and vegetables rather than over-packaged varieties and choose products packed in recyclable material
- Buy products with less packaging
- Home composting items such as fruit and vegetable peelings, grass cuttings and teabags turns waste into a reusable product and, during decomposition, reduces the volume of waste
- Avoid food waste - about one third of the food we buy gets thrown away and most of this could have been eaten. To find useful tips on the storage of food, tantalising recipes and advice on portion sizes visit the Love Food Hate Waste website. This will also save you money.
- Avoid plastic carrier bags - use cloth bags or a "bag-for-life" when you go shopping. Try to keep a few reuseable shopping bags in your car, next to your door or in your handbag
- Drink tap water rather than bottled water to reduce the number of plastic bottles
- Unwanted mail - to reduce the amount of unwanted mail through your letterbox there are several things you can do; Register with the Mailing Preference Service to stop receiving unsolicited/addressed advertising mail like credit card applications.
- Choose reuseable items like cloth napkins, refillable pens and non-disposable razors
- Opt for ceramic crockery with cloth napkins instead of paper or plastic alternatives
- Use old glass jars to store small items such as nails and pins
- Save any bubble wrap or padded envelopes and reuse when you next send a parcel
- Cut up old Christmas cards to make gift tags for next year
- Use dishcloths instead of disposable wipes
- Buy rechargeable batteries and energy saving lightbulbs. Energy saving lightbulbs last up to 12 times longer
- Use reuseable nappies - 8 million disposable nappies are thrown away every day in the UK - see Let's Talk Less Rubbish.
- Use reuseable containers and lunch boxes instead of plastic or foil wrapping
- When using paper use both sides of the page and buy recycled paper
- Use the blank side of paper for notes and then recycle it
- Recycle printer ink cartridges
- Repair broken or damaged items when possible
- Pass unwanted toys and clothes to neighbours, nurseries or charities
- Buy recycled products e.g. paper, glass, tissues, toilet rolls and kitchen rolls
New laws mean that Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment, as well as batteries should no longer be put in together with non-recyclable waste for landfill.
Household Waste Recycling Centres (skip sites) in Ryedale are geared up to accept batteries and all household electrical items. The site attendant can provide assistance to help you put them in the right container on site.
There are five different categories of electrical equipment:
- Cathode Ray Tubes (eg. tv's and computer monitors with large heavy backs to them)
- Cooling devices – fridges and freezers
- Fluorescent Tubes (incl small energy saving lamps)
- White goods – washing machines, tumble dryers, dishwashers and cookers
- Small appliances such as mobile phones, toasters, kettles, hairdryers and battery operated appliances
You can still have your large white electrical goods picked up from your home by the Council's bulky collection service and these items will then be recycled.
Also, some major retailers offer their own in-store take back scheme. When you buy your new electrical appliance the old one will be collected free of charge. If this service exists the Council would encourage residents to use this service.
There are a number of organisations offering take back schemes for some small electrical items (particularly mobile telephones and printer cartridges). A web-based search should show participating local businesses or voluntary organisations offering these type of services
Interested in setting up a waste exchange event?
Community groups in Ryedale have already run successful Give or Take Day events in Kirkbymoorside, Thornton le Dale, Pickering and Malton. 'Give or Take' days are community waste exchange events, giving the chance for people to pass on unwanted household items, such as bric-a-brac or furniture, and for others to pick up something they really need. And it's all for FREE! KMS Environment Group
Give or Take Days offer an exciting opportunity for people to have a clear out of household items cluttering up their home or garage, and provides others the chance to pick up items they need. Most people have something they would be happy to donate and there is usually no shortage of items.
The events also offer those on low incomes, or tight household budgets, a chance to pick up household items they need. By exchanging goods we can all save a bit of money.
It's fun for all the family and you never know, you might find something that you have always been looking for – for free!
If you need more information about how to set up your own 'Give or Take 'day contact Streetscene or telephone (01653) 600666.